I came across this article which discusses what Hadot calls “spiritual exercises” in some depth. The author takes exception to that label, but I think it suits just fine. I had recently joked in a conversation that if I had a dollar for every scholar who said something along the lines of “I won’t detail exactly what the exercises in Epictetus are…” that I’d have a goodly number of dollars.
Braicovich does not say this, however. He notes 18, although (spoiler alert), he later pares that down significantly. Either way, it’s worth the read.
Franco Scalenghe has translated all of Epictetus’ known works (via Arrian), and graciously made them available without cost to the reader. If you haven’t leafed through his translation, I highly recommend it.
There are also five dialogues he authored to be found on the site which are well worth your time.
For those interested in Stoicism’s influence in the Roman church.
This got posted in one of the larger Facebook groups last week. I’ve been listening to it in the car on my daily commute the past few days and found it to be well worth the time.
The author discusses several problems in interpretation of spiritual exercises in a Philosophy descended from Socrates, where virtue is a kind of knowledge, and knowledge is sufficient for virtue. I found the arguments compelling.
Also, the author addresses three spiritual exercises, the Three Disciplines of Epictetus, and distils and describes them well.
I’m reading through Xenophon’s Memorabilia, the discussion on Socrates. Usually we turn to Plato for information on Socrates, but Xenophon is another source for this material. I don’t know as much about Socrates as I probably ought, so that’s the impetus for this reading.
Here’s the Perseus text of Xenophon: