Thesis: Spiritual Exercises in Epictetus – Difficult but Justified


This got posted in one of the larger Facebook groups last week.  I’ve been listening to it in the car on my daily commute the past few days and found it to be well worth the time.
The author discusses several problems in interpretation of spiritual exercises in a Philosophy descended from Socrates, where virtue is a kind of knowledge, and knowledge is sufficient for virtue.  I found the arguments compelling.

Also, the author addresses three spiritual exercises, the Three Disciplines of Epictetus, and distils and describes them well.

James Stockdale and family, NPR


In this piece from NPR, the not often discussed family of retired VADM James Stockdale, USN, is the feature.


Stockdale is one of the few to have put Stoic practice to the most extreme test.  He was a POW for some eight years under the Viet Kong, and  his book, “Thoughts of a Philosophical Fighter Pilot” is well worth reading.

Stockdale was a hero, and a national treasure.

There are two pdfs of his which are available  without  cost to the reader.

Stockdale on Stoicism I:

Stockdale on Stoicism II: