XI. To His Students (p. 63)
“Practice” here is, ἀσκεῖτε, which we know to be the root from which we get the word ‘ascetic,’ meaning training or exercise.
XII. To Orion (p. 63)
Here we see a call to send children to the philosopher’s school, so that they might be educated or trained in virtue.
XIII. To Eumoplus (p. 65)
On the facebook group, someone asked about the word ‘short-cut’ here in the English. The Greek has σύντομος, which is simply a short-cut, esp. for road or path. Here, Pseudo-Crates lays out a pretty formal argument in favor of Cynicism.
XIV. To the Youths (p. 65)
Pseudo-Crates says what he means and means what he says when he suggests barley cakes and water, over fish and wine.
XV. To His Students (p. 65)
Here, virtue (ἀρετή) are the wages of toil (πόνος). That’s a rather economic way of thinking of the Cynic labors. As we expect to receive for what we give, philosophy promises a better return that mere exchange. It’s not quid pro quo, but rather the alchemists transmutation of a lesser into a greater. A good parable.
This is part of the Cynic Epistles Reading Plan.