XXIII. To Lacydes, greetings (p. 117)
Ha! I enjoyed both of Diogenes’ barbs. One, that while Alexander may be King of the Macedonians, he is no king of Diogenes. And two, that it is just as far to travel from A to B, as B to A, and therefore, since Alexander is not a King over Diogenes, since it is Alexander that desires the meeting, he can very well trundle himself to Athens for the meeting.
XXIV. To Alexander, greetings (p. 117)
Okay, so I did a little reading, and Hephaestion was the boyhood friend of Alexander. Their friendship was maintained through adolescences and adulthood, even after Alexander became King. It was reckoned like one of the great friendships of the sagas, that they were like “one soul in two bodies.” The only evidence they may have been lovers is this one letter, which many historians discount.
Maybe, then, this is like Diogenes being beaten by Antisthenes’ club? A test to see if he’s worthy of the teaching? That’s speculation on my part.
XXV. To Hippon (p. 117)
The question here is about death and burial. Diogenes main point is that worrying over virtue in life is enough of an occupation.
XXVI. To Crates (p. 119)
This made me chuckle. The Cynic uniform is the mantle of Heracles! Wear them proudly, defiantly. By the by, hook a brother up with some beans? Hahahaha!
XXVII. To Aniceres, greetings (p. 119)
Generally, the Spartans are well spoken of by the Cynics and Stoics. Diogenes has a cautionary message here, that their external strength has set them up for moral decay. There’s a poignant message for the west.
This is part of the Cynic Epistles Reading Plan.